Maltipoos – are a poodle hybrid that is a cross between a Toy Poodle and Maltese and may demonstrate any combination of traits from those two breeds.
Size: The Maltipoo comes in a wide variety of sizes, depending on the parent size, but most are between 5-12 lb. range. A maltipoo can take after the maltese side and have a stockier build with shorter legs, or a poodle side and have a longer torso and legs. They could have a rounder face from the maltese or a longer muzzle from the poodle side.
Coat: The Maltipoo coat can range in texture, but most will have a beautiful, thick wavy coat. Some coats can take after the poodle side and have a bit more curl to it however. You will find a variety of colors in their coats, from soft white, black and white, browns, multi, apricots and some will have gorgeous hues of other colors throughout their coats. Colors are always determined from the poodle side, so even if a mom is solid black, she may have a sibling that is apricot, thus her offspring can have apricot in their coat. Most Maltipoos are kept in the traditional “puppy cut” but often people like the teddy bear fluffy look.
Character: Maltipoos are very sweet natured and have ore of a laid back personality. This is due to the maltese side. They are intelligent, friendly, loving, and are totally devoted to their family. They are not hyper, yet playful and outgoing. They love to snuggle up with you while watching tv and just relaxing. They want to be near people and require human companionship. They need a little exercise everyday, however are not demanded of long, rigorous walks. Maltipoos get a long well with other dogs, people of all ages, and make a wonderful pet companion.
Care: Maltipoos shed little or no hair, are hypoallergenic and make a great pet for allergy sufferers. A wire tooth comb is suffice every few days to maintain a tangle free coat. They will need grooming however – every 3 months or so. Some people however like a more teddy bear look and they can go longer with grooming. The eyes and ears should also be tended to, to prevent tear staining (especially dogs with a lighter coat) and hair trimmed near the eyes and ears. Bath only when necessary and use a mild, non toxic shampoo.
Training: The Maltipoo is eager to learn and should not present many difficulties in training. It is recommended to get them in a training class however, not only for training, but for socialization with other pets, different ages of people, ethnicity which makes for a well rounded, socialized pet.
Maltese – The Maltese breed is known for their gentle manner and affectionate personality. They are playful and friendly to all they meet. The Maltese are non-shedding as well as hypoallergenic and keep themselves very clean. They are a lapdog that loves to please and does well with basic obedience – they are very loyal companions. Since the Maltese is small, they do not need much room to run. They are well suited for small living spaces and can be potty trained to a potty pad, litter box, or outside. Maltese are people dogs and accustom themselves easily to household routines. The exercise a Maltese gets inside the house is sufficient, although a walk or trip to the park is something they always enjoy. The intelligent Maltese breed is great just as a companion dog. However, they can also be trained for many different uses as service dogs. Maltese are well suited for people of all ages. This sweet, playful dog will weave its way straight into your heart.
Toy Poodle - is remarkably intelligent. Highly responsive, they are said to be one of the most trainable breeds and can be taught all different tricks through various skill levels. They appear to enjoy performing and entertaining their owners. Sweet, cheerful, perky and lovely, they like to be with people. Delightful, very amusing and keen. They make a good watchdog for their size. Toy Poodles are generally good with other pets and dogs and people of all ages The Toy Poodle is not considered a “yappy” dog. They will bark to defend or warn their owners but tend to be more reserved then other small toy breeds. Although they are high in excitement they don't see to be a destructive type when left alone. Toy Poodles are devoted to their family and have friendly, cheerful disposition.
Designer Hybrids - A hybrid puppy has two purebred parents of different breeds. This intentional mix of breeds allows us to have the predictability of the purebred, while maintaining the genetic diversity of a mixed breed dog. A hybrid puppy’s characteristics will fall within the range of the two breeds his parents are from. All of our puppies are either first generation (F1) crosses of F1b (one purebred parent and one mixed parent) or both pure breed (F1) generation, depending on which traits we are looking for in our puppies. We carefully select each parent for the characteristics that would result in puppies with the most desirable pet qualities. The Breeders of hybrid dogs claim the right combination of purebreds and can produce superior temperaments as well as other desirable traits without sacrificing intelligence and irresistibly cute looks. Poodles in particular have been used to create a great variety of hybrids for several decades. They have a number of desirable traits, which they pass on to their offspring, most importantly their intelligence, non-shed hair and small size. To add more frosting to the cake, there is a distinct genetic advantage of crossbreeding purebred dogs. Combining two breeds from unrelated gene pools results in what breeders refer to as hybrid vigor and geneticists call heterosis.
What are the advantage of having a purebred dog? Purebreds provide predictability with respect to size, color, coat, temperament and traits. If you want a friendly dog or an aloof dog, a high energy dog or a low energy dog, a small dog, etc. you can choose a purebred that tends to have those characteristics. The parents produce offspring that are totally predictable – they will be just like their parents.
Disadvantage - Over 300 genetic health defects have been documented in purebred dogs, the incidence of defects is extremely high. Reasons include:
* Breeding dogs to a detailed standard of appearance. Breeding to some standard is how breeds are developed in the first place, but eventually it results in loss of genetic diversity, which leads to problems with health and vigor. The only way to get the dogs to produce true to type is to inbreed. Health and temperament can be sacrificed for a certain type of hair, eyes, etc.
* A limited and closed gene pool. Without the introduction of new and related genes, in the long term all living creatures suffer “loss of genetic diversity”, which inevitable leads to weaker animals with health problems. Even when trying to breed unrelated dogs, there will be a few common ancestors in almost every pedigree.
* Breeding the same champion dogs over and over. This floods the breed not only with the same sets of good genes, but also with the same sets of bad genetics. But when the same few dogs are bred repeatedly, as is done with the most successful show dogs, their particular defective genes become more common throughout the breed. Then the chances are much greater that two dogs with the SAME defective gene will get bred together – and the defect gets expressed.
F1=first generation puppy—50% purebred-A and 50% purebred-B. For example, a Golden Retriever to Poodle cross is first generation, resulting in healthier offspring. In this particular Goldendoodle cross, hair type can be smooth like a Golden, wiry like an Irish wolfhound or wavy/shaggy, they can shed or not shed and pups in the same litter can vary. This is not the best cross for people with severe allergies.
F1b=backcross puppy—25% purebred-A and 75% purebred-B. For example, an F1 Goldendoodle and Poodle cross; this is a Goldendoodle bred back to Poodle— the wavy, curly, shaggy-look doodle (poodle cross) is very consistent in coat types. F1b is the MOST likely of any doodle to be non-shedding and allergy-friendly, and is the easiest coat to take care of.
F2=second-generation puppy—F1 hybrid crossed with an F1 hybrid. For example, an F1 Goldendoodle crossed with an F1 Goldendoodle. In this combination you get the same percentage of purebred-A as purebred-B as you would in an F1 hybrid. In the case of the Goldendoodle, they are more likely to shed.
F2b=second-generation backcross puppy—F1 bred to a F1b (hybrid backcross)
F3=F2 hybrid to F2 hybrid
Multi-generation=F3 or higher-generation hybrid crossed with F3 or higher-generation hybrid
To sum things up:
Purebred-A x Purebred-B = F1 Hybrid Dog
F1 x Purebred-A = F1b Hybrid Dog
F1 x F1 = F2 Hybrid Dog
F1 x F1b = F2b Hybrid Dog
F2 x F2 = F3 Hybrid Dog
What Gender is best for you? In some ways, choosing between male and female dogs is a matter of personal preference. However, there are some characteristics which are common in females and other characteristics which are common in males. It is important to evaluate these characteristics and determine which gender would fit in best with your home situation when you choose a puppy. Additionally, choosing between male and female is important if you already have another female or male and are choosing an additional dog.
The following characteristics often apply to FEMALES:
Females – make wonderful pets if raised properly. As long as you don’t let them become an alpha female, which means, THE BOSS, they are great. Some tend to be moody just like us women, and at times, are overly protective of their owner or obsessed with their territory. Training and discipline are very important not to over spoil her as a puppy.
The following characteristics often apply to MALES:
Males – make wonderful pets, maybe even more mild tempered and easy going than girls. Males have a bad reputation over the years for marking their territory and hiking their legs and peeing in the house to claim their territory. This is from owners failing to neuter them before 6-7 months of age. If you have him neutered early enough, he will almost always squat to pee and will not go into puberty and become the stud man. When males become mature, they will change from your adorable sweet lap baby to a “horndog” lol. They will become a stud monster as we call them. They will hump pillows and even your leg or hand and mark and pee on sides of furniture and totally change personalities. They will also try to run away if they smell a female in heat even a half a mile away! To avoid this, have them neutered as recommended by your vet and you will still have the adorable little boy dog you bought.
Considering adding another dog? Owners who are adding an additional dog to their home should carefully consider the ramifications of adding a dog of either gender. This is important because the makeup of the existing pack may be more accepting to either a male or a female. The following are general tips for selecting the gender of a second dog:
Selecting a male or female is largely a matter of personal preference. The above characteristics are generalizations, and it is certainly possible to purchase a female puppy who displays male characteristics or a male puppy who displays the typical female characteristics. Additionally, females that are spayed and neutered often do not have the gender-specific problems associated with their gender such as coming into heat or marking.
*Remember, getting your puppy spayed/neutered is a must for that amazing temperaments that our puppies and dogs are so well known for.
What are the different colors of mixed breed dogs?
Genetically, the different colors of the different purebreds work together to produce some pretty interesting and somewhat predictable color variations. But, sometimes it’s not so predictable.
Here are the different colors and patterns of mixed breed dogs:
Basic colors – White, black, brown (chocolate), apricot, red, tan, creme – colors can also vary within this coloring group for example light tan, deep red, dark brown to light brown, etc.
Parti colors – “Parti colors” are easiest described as patterned like a holstein cow. Black and white is quite common. The base color of a parti is always white, and the darker color can range from a small area to larger areas. And, the darker color can vary – black, chocolate, brindle (described below), gold, and silver are all colors that can occur in a parti colored dog. The pup pictured to the left is an example of a chocolate parti colored puppy.
Ticking – There is also a gene responsible for Ticking on Parti colored dogs. Ticking is not evident on the pups when they are born. The ticking develops starting at about 6 weeks of age. Ticking is small spots of color in a white background (like a dalmation.)
Brindle – Brindle is a mixture of colors, in a striped or swirled pattern. You can have a solid colored brindle, where the brindle coloring is covering the whole dog. Or, you can have a brindle parti, where white is the base color, and the brindle coloring is in patches. Brindles have a light base color, like gold or silver, and the striping is generally either black or chocolate. The pattern is most visible when the pup is born, or when the dog is clippered short. When the coat is grown out, you really don’t see the pattern, but the brindles do have more depth of color than the lighter solid colors (like gold).
Sable – Sable is a pattern, rather than a color. The pattern is somewhat like the pattern of a doberman pinscher, yorkie, or german shepherd. Usually, the legs tummy, chest, beard, and eyebrows are red, apricot, cream or white. The other areas are darker in color, usually grey, or brown. As the puppy matures, the lighter areas AND the darker areas continue to lighten.
Phantom – The pattern is like the sable pattern, but the dark color does not fade. The distinction between the light areas and the dark areas are very clear and clean, patterned just like a doberman pinscher.
As puppies grow into adult dogs, how can colors change?
The mature color of a puppy can differ very much from the newborn color. Just like a child who is born with blonde hair, as they get older their hair color may change to brown. Puppies are born with a “puppy coat” and the more often you get him groomed, the more the puppy coat hair color will come off and the new growth from underneath with come in. Puppies are sometimes born with rather faint phantom markings. The hair is often so short on the face and legs of a newborn puppy to really show off the markings. As the pup matures, these areas intensify.
There’s a gene responsible for diluting mature color. Dogs with this gene begin to lighten, generally at about 6 weeks of age. This gene is responsible for the colors of blue, silver, silver beige, and cafe-au-lait. Pups with this gene are born dark. Silvers and blues are born black. Silver beiges and cafe-au-laits are born chocolate. Whether the pup gets one dose of the dilution gene (from one parent) or two doses (from both parents) is the deciding factor of how much the pup will lighten. Silvers receive two doses and blues receive one dose, along with the black gene. Cafe-au-laits (literally, coffee with milk) receive one dose, and silver beiges receive two doses. We can sometimes tell if a pup is going to lighten, right from birth. These pups have lots of white hair on the bottom of their feet, rather than their natural color. But just like our children, you really never can totally predict how your puppies coat will grow once they reach adult age.